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Mental Health Benefits of Exercise

Mental Health Benefits of Exercise

Mental Health benefits of Exercise

To truly appreciate the immense advantages of physical exercise, it’s crucial that you comprehend the profound ways in which it can benefit both your physical and mental health.

What are the mental health benefits of exercise?

Engaging in physical activity goes beyond just improving your aerobic capacity and muscle size. While exercise can certainly enhance your physical health, and body shape, and even increase your lifespan, these are not the primary reasons why most people choose to be active.

Regular exercise provides individuals with a deep sense of well-being. It increases their energy levels throughout the day, improves their quality of sleep, sharpens their memory, and makes them feel more positive and relaxed about themselves and their lives. Additionally, it is a potent remedy for various mental health issues.

Consistent exercise can have a significant positive impact on conditions such as depression, anxiety, and ADHD. It also helps to alleviate stress, improve memory, enhance sleep quality, and boost overall mood. You do not have to be a fitness enthusiast to enjoy these benefits as even small amounts of exercise can make a significant difference. Regardless of your age or fitness level, you can harness the power of exercise to tackle mental health problems, boost your energy and outlook, and live a more fulfilling life.

Exercise and anxiety

Engaging in physical activity is a natural and effective way to reduce anxiety. It can alleviate stress, increase both physical and mental energy, and promote overall well-being by triggering the release of endorphins. Any type of movement can be beneficial, but paying attention to your body’s sensations instead of tuning out can enhance the benefits.

For instance, focusing on the sensation of your feet hitting the ground, the rhythm of your breathing, or the feeling of the wind on your skin can boost the benefits of exercise. By adding this mindful element, not only can you improve your physical health more quickly, but you may also be able to disrupt the constant stream of worries that run through your mind.

Exercise and depression

Research shows that exercise can be just as effective as antidepressant medication in treating mild to moderate depression, without any of the side effects. For example, a recent study conducted by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health discovered that running for 15 minutes a day or walking for an hour can reduce the risk of major depression by 26%. Exercise not only helps alleviate symptoms of depression, but it can also prevent relapse by maintaining a regular exercise routine. 

Exercise has several benefits in fighting depression. It promotes positive changes in the brain, such as neural growth, reduced inflammation, and new activity patterns that encourage feelings of relaxation and well-being. Additionally, exercise releases endorphins, which are powerful chemicals in the brain that boost your mood and make you feel good. Lastly, exercise can serve as a distraction, providing you with a quiet moment to break free from negative thoughts that contribute to depression.

Exercise and stress

Have you ever noticed how your body reacts when you’re stressed? You might feel tense muscles, particularly in your face, neck, and shoulders, resulting in back or neck pain or even painful headaches. You might also experience chest tightness, a pounding heartbeat, or muscle cramps. Additionally, you may suffer from symptoms such as insomnia, heartburn, stomachache, diarrhea, or frequent urination. All of these physical symptoms can cause worry and discomfort, leading to even more stress and creating a cycle between your mind and body.

Fortunately, exercising is an effective way to break this cycle. Physical activity releases endorphins in the brain and helps to relax the muscles, alleviating tension in the body. Given the close link between the body and mind, when your body feels better, your mind will, too.

Exercise and ADHD

Regular exercise is an easy and effective way to decrease symptoms of ADHD and enhance concentration, motivation, memory, and mood. When you engage in physical activity, it quickly increases levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin in the brain, which all have an impact on focus and attention. Essentially, exercise works similarly to ADHD medications like Ritalin and Adderall.

Exercise and PTSD and trauma

Research suggests that paying close attention to your body and its sensations during exercise can help your nervous system break free from the immobilization stress response that is common in PTSD and trauma. Instead of letting your mind wander, focus on how your joints, muscles, and insides feel as you move.

Exercises that involve cross-movement and engage both arms and legs, such as walking (especially on sand), running, swimming, weight training, or dancing, are some of the best options. Outdoor activities like hiking, sailing, mountain biking, rock climbing, and surfing have also been proven to reduce the symptoms of PTSD.

Other mental health benefits of exercising

Engaging in regular physical activity can have a positive impact on your mood, outlook, and overall mental well-being, even if you do not have a mental health issue.

Exercise can assist with:

Additional Mental Health Resources

The Department of Health and Aged Care website has a wealth of information, including Physical activity and exercise.


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